Some myths attribute the creation of T'ai chi chuan to the rather legendary Taoist Zhang Sanfeng towards the beginning of the Ming Dynasty (13th to 14th century). In the early 1930s, Tang Hao, a leader in ancient martial arts research, noted that Zhang Sanfeng's conception of T'ai ch'uan had no basic story. His results were repeated at the same time by Xu Jedon and are still valid in our time by contemporary historical quests.
Derived from the martial arts, this combat sport refers to a body discipline that belongs to the energy exercises in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Thus, the T'ai chi ch'uan is characterized by a global energy gymnastics which aims to achieve a set of continuous and circular movements performed slowly and precision in a pre-established order. You will find this energetic gymnastics in several genres: some schools emphasize self-awareness through an inner approach while others prefer the method of combat. The majority of schools, however, left aside their martial intent in favor of the evolution of flexibility as well as the awakening of Qi.